Blacklisting is being increasingly deployed in the battle over tech trade. The U.S. is controlling the export of commercial technologies to China in the name of national security.
The economy of Argentina has been distorted by nearly 600 different export taxes. Trade restrictions can reinforce poor economic outcomes.
In its June 2018 report, the White House creates a taxonomy of ways that China cheats in trade. The Chinese government acquires American technologies and intellectual property to aggrandize Chinese productive capabilities, stands on the shoulders of American innovation, siphons information from open and proprietary sources, and enlists Chinese nationals to accrue knowledge through research arms of universities and companies in the United States.